تحليل نگارش انگليسي زبانان و غير انگليسي زبانان در مقالات علمي: بخش بحث و نتيجهگيري توسط دانشجويان دكتري
Writing Analysis of Native and Non-native in Research Articles: Investigating Discussion Part by Ph.D. Candidates
Within second language writing realm, the important role of genre has been emphasized in pedagogical and theoretical discussions of teaching academic writing for at least two decades. This indicates a need to understand the cross-cultural genre-based studies in native and non-native writers. This study aimed to investigate the generic, linguistic, clausal, and rhetorical features of the discussion sections of research articles (RAs) in Applied Linguistics written by non-natives and natives published in international journals. Moreover, the present study seeks to discern the EFL learners' perception and recognition about discussion writing.
Two raters analyzed 60 RA discussions (30 from non-natives and 30 from natives) by incorporating Yang and Allison (2003) model for genre analysis and by an adapted model from Hinkel (2003) for textual feature analysis. The findings demonstrated quantitative differences between moves 2 (reporting results), 4 (commenting results), 5 (summary of the findings), and 6 (evaluating the study) utilized in the two groups. The results also revealed that non-native writers use more numerative, resultative nouns, past tense, passive, modals, frequency adverbs, adverb and adjective clauses, exemplar, and hedging. Moreover, the semi-structured interview disclosed that EFL learners are not fully aware of generic structure, linguistic, clausal, and rhetorical features of discussion section of RAs. These findings might be due to non-natives' preference for rhetorical concepts and values in their local writing community about genre structure of discussions in Applied Linguistics RAs. The results may promise some implications for syllabus design, ESP pedagogy, and materials preparation.