رويكرد اسطوره شناسي بر روي كتاب دراكولا از برام استوكر و كتاب دراكولا:مرده متحرك از داكره استوكر از منظر ادوارد برنت تيلور
A Mythological approach to Bram Stoker's Dracula and Dacre Stoker's Dracula the Un-Dead in the light of Edward Burnett Taylor
Since animism is related to the primitive religion and it is deeply rooted in human soul, novels concerning this have great number of readers. Moreover, mythology which is concerned about ancient history and it was the result of unanswered questions, could be traced in novels with characters representing those mythological figures. Carrying out a research on Bram Stoker’s Dracula with regard to Tylor and Frazer and their theories of “animism,” “spirituality,” “mythology” and “rituals,” the researcher regards these two novels as mythological and animistic texts. The protagonist of Dracula, is a man who goes to the castle of Count Dracula in Transylvania, and discovers secrets of the Count’s life. He finds that Count has some behaviors which are special to him, yet he is able to leave the castle, but the rituals are the main object here. Moreover, there are some actions that makes the protagonist doubt about the Count’s being alive. According to Tylor, animism is the religion of the primitive human beings and it is related to the concept of spirituality, meaning that spirit is always related to a religion and this religion is not the modern definition of religion of nowadays. On the other hand, mythology has always influenced people and the writers, to the point that there are the roots of them in many characters in novels. Different mythological figures could be traced in Dracula. Thus the focus of the study is on the function of animism, how mythology is traced in the novel and how rituals are major points in this novel, with scrutinizing Stoker’s novel through close reading of it.