The sociological explanation of the relationship between religiosity and political culture in Iran
Explaining the relationship between religiosity and political culture as the main purpose of this research were discussed after observing paradoxical results & different study findings in this area. In this study, after reviewing theoretical and empirical literature, on the basis of the theoretical framework of political socialization and theories related to the relationship between religion and democracy, main hypothesis of study were proposed that increasing in religiosity scales cause to a moderate type of political culture and the type of religiosity based on reading and understanding of the religion determines the political culture. So that kinds of strict, moderate and tolerant religiosity respectively led to strict, moderate and tolerant political culture. research method is survey and data collection tool is questionnaire as closed interview. The statistical population are peoples over 18 years old in Tehran, 384 peoples were selected with probability sampling of the 60 random blocks of 22 districts of Tehran. AMOS and SPSS are used for data analysis. Statistical techniques in this research are the average, mode, the frequency distribution table, correlation coefficient of Cramer, chi-square, Simple regression, multiple regression, structural equation modeling and path analysis. Amos and SPSS are used for data analysis. Statistical techniques in this research are the average, mode, the frequency distribution table, correlation coefficient of Cramer, chi-square, Simple regression, multiple regression, structural equation modeling and path analysis. According to the findings, the majority of people have high scale of religiosity and their political culture and religiosity type are moderate. Nine hypotheses were confirmed and five hypotheses were rejected. Type of religiosity has a significant positive impact on the type of political culture. The women’s type of religiosity and political culture is stricter than men’s and women religiosity scale is more than men’s. SES has a significant negative impact on the scale and type of religiosity and political culture. According to multiple regression analysis the type and scale of religiosity have the highest weight in explaining the political culture respectively. Also, according to the results of path analysis by Amos most important direct and indirect affecting factors on political culture are type and scale of religiosity respectively.